Local Governance Mapping
What is Local Governance Mapping in Myanmar?
The Government‘s Framework for Economic and Social Reforms has stated the need for people-centered development through civic participation, clean government and greater autonomy for state/region government in Myanmar. The Government of Myanmar has initiated steps to realise these ambitions. At present, there is limited information about on the ground experiences of local administrators, frontline service providers and citizens of this reform process, and the broader institutional capacity deficits at the local level.
UNDP and the Ministry of Home Affairs embarked on a nationwide local governance mapping in November 2013 to see how people are experiencing local governance aspects such as citizen’s voice in decision-making and how basic services are reaching out to them. It captures the perspectives of both the people and the institutional providers of services in 112 village tracts/wards in 56 townships in 14 states and regions.
The Local Governance Mapping is being conducted in all 14 states and regions of Myanmar.
- During the Pilot Phase between December 2013 and March 2014 the mapping team went to Mon and Chin
- During Phase II between April and August 2014 Ayeyarwaddy, Tanintharyi, Kayin, Bago and Kayah were researched
- Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Rakhine, Kachin, Shan and Yangon are part of Phase III
What tools are used for local governance mapping?
Citizens Report Cards are used to discuss access to services in health, education and water; and participation, equity and access to information.
Service Provider interviews are conducted with village level education and health service providers and Village Tract/ Ward Administrators to learn about their responsibilities, presence of basic infrastructure/conditions, changes in the government, and possible areas for improvement.
Community Dialogues are held to bring the people and government service providers together across villages and wards to validate issues and find local solutions to improve information flow and services.
Interviews and Focus Group Discussions are held with township level administrators, township committees and civil society groups to understand broader functioning of township governance influencing development and service delivery at the local level.
What results are emerging and how will these help?
- Baselines on quality of local governance and service delivery being established
- State of local governance reports for each State/Region (for details click on the report and brief mapping highlights)
How will the results help?
The findings are presented and discussed with the government representatives from state/region, township and village tract levels and other stakeholders such as Members of Parliament, township committees and civil society to further expand the understanding of the state of local governance in each of the states/regions.
The mapping process not only collects all the information and data through the tools above but uses the opportunity of engagement with the state and township level stakeholders to discuss good governance principles to ground the reform agenda.
The information and data will allow comparison with the baseline, across the country, and over time.
The mapping results will help government and development partners make informed public policies and programmes for improving service delivery and democratic governance at the local level.
Local Governance Mapping Highlights
The following Local Governance Mapping Highlights shed light on the findings from the mapping exercise: