A rural familySeventy percent of Myanmar's population lives in the rural areas. UNDP is working with local governments to improve service delivery and promote economic growth. Photo Credit: Tom Cheatham/UNDP Myanmar

UNDP’s support for poverty reduction activities are grouped under the Pillar 1 of the 2013-2015 Country Programme Action Plan. UNDP works to strengthen the capacities of local governments, civil society and the media, while providing livelihood support and poverty reduction activities in border and ceasefire areas.

UNDP is implementing activities to strengthen the institutional capacity of State/Region and Township administrations for area-related participatory development planning, public financial management, and public service delivery. A multi-stakeholder-led institutional mapping/local governance assessment at State/Regional levels will help identify capacity gaps and define priority steps for building the capacity of local people-centered administrations. The exercise will help to supply evidence for local governance reform and support the Government in developing their decentralization reform priorities. Gender considerations are taken into account throughout the mapping exercise processes.

UNDP jointly with UNCDF will be setting up a Township Development Fund (TDF) modality in selected States. This facility will provide local governments with access to funds to undertake specific development activities.

UNDP is also supporting government to lay the foundations for long term peace and development, and has started implementing a social cohesion programme in Rakhine State, providing livelihoods support and village infrastructure investments. UNDP initiated livelihood assistance activities in 12 villages across 3 townships. To-date, the construction of five water ponds, three bridges, two market access roads and a jetty and an embankment/access footpath have been completed. These activities generated cash-for-work for approximately 14,460 persons, of whom 50% were women. All activities were designed to improve relationships between Rakhine and Muslim communities by providing the two ethnic groups with opportunities to come together, interact, dialogue and work together on community development. UNDP has also facilitated the formation of 12 Early Recovery and Social Cohesion Committees made up of both ethnic groups who lead these activities.  Two hundred and fifty villages in six other states- Chin, Kachin, Shan, Kayah, Mon, Kayin – will benefit from direct livelihoods support to enhance social cohesion and capacities for peace.

UNDP is leading the early recovery sector coordination in Yangon, Rakhine and Kachin. In Rakhine, UNDP introduced regular coordination meetings and standardized tools for information-sharing and planning, and provided early recovery inputs to ongoing assessments. UNDP has supported the development of the Humanitarian Country Team framework for durable solutions for Internally Displaced Persons in Kachin, recognizing that durable solutions need to be complimented by an early recovery strategy.

UNDP with its partner UNCDF is operationalizing two global programmes – MAP and MicroLead – to strengthen access to finance in rural areas and strengthening the competitiveness of the microfinance market. Read in Myanmar


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