Addressing Climate Change Risks on Water Resources and Food Security in the Dry Zone of Myanmar

Photo: Yusuke Taishi/UNDP
Status: Active
Duration: February 2015 – February 2019
Budget: USD 8,468,604
Coverage: Central Dry Zone of Myanmar (Sagaing, Mandalay and Magwe)
Beneficiaries: 50,543 households (280 villages) in five townships of Shwebo and Monywa under Sagaing Region; Myingyan and Nyaung U under Mandalay Region and Chauk under Magwe Region
Donors: USD 7,289,425 (Adaptation Fund)
USD 624,998 (UNDP)
USD 554,181 (Government of Myanmar, in kind)
Focus: Climate Change, Environment & Energy
Partners: Dry Zone Greening Department, Forestry Department and Environment Conservation Department (Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation); Department of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture Research, Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department, Department of Rural Development, Irrigation and Water Utilization Management Department (Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation); Department of Meteorology and Hydrology (Ministry of Transport and Communication); Department of Disaster Management (Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement); Foreign Economic Relations Department (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) Yezin Agricultural University; University of Forestry; University of Veterinary Science; United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization; United Nations Office of Project Services; UNHABITAT; Farm Business Development Technical Group; Aung Zeyar Social Compassioners’ Organization; Hydroconseil; Win Top Engineering and General Services Co. Ltd; Well Done Engineering Co. Ltd; Community Development Action; Network Activities Group; CESVI Fondazione (Onlus); Community Development Association; Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System; Chalk and Slate Technology; Myanmar Survey Research Company Ltd.

About the Project

The project aims to reduce the increasing impacts of climate change on agricultural and livestock production cycles in the dry zone of Myanmar - the impacts of increasing temperature and evaporation, declining water availability, and intensifying weather events especially flash floods and cyclones.

The direct beneficiaries of the project are poor farmers in rain-fed areas and landless workers whose access to arable land is severely threatened by erosion and land degradation. Special emphasis is placed on women and female-headed households.

By the end of the four-year period, the project will ensure continuous freshwater resource during the dry seasons in 280 villages in five townships, promote and enhance climate-resilient agricultural and livestock practices and ensure timely and quality dissemination of climate risk information through use of short-term weather forecasts, medium-term seasonal forecasts, and longer-term climate scenario planning.

The project is based on the principles of local communities’ empowerment and implemented by community-based organizations such as Village Development Committees, Water User Committees, farmer groups, communal forest user groups, and local Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). The anticipated impact of the project is the reduction of food insecurity and losses from extreme climate events in 50,543 households.

Photo: Yusuke Taishi/UNDP

Objectives

Reducing the vulnerability of farmers in Myanmar’s Dry Zone to increasing drought and rainfall variability and enhance the capacity of farmers to plan for and respond to future impacts of Climate Change on food security. This objective is aligned with the objective of the Adaptation Fund to “Reduce vulnerability and increase adaptive capacity to respond to the impacts of climate change, including variability at local and national levels.”

Photo: Yusuke Taishi/UNDP

Expected Results

  • Continuous freshwater availability during the dry seasons in 280 villages in the Dry Zone
  • Climate-resilient agricultural and livestock practices in Myanmar’s Dry Zone
  • Timeliness and quality climate risk information is disseminated to Dry Zone farmers by using short-term weather forecasts, medium-term seasonal forecasts, and longer- term climate scenario planning

Year-wise Budget

Year Amount
2015 USD 497,016
2016 USD 1,854,653
2017 USD 3,223,096
2018 USD 1,930,647
2019 USD 409,011

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