An illustration of the local governance mapping exercise

 

What is Local Governance Mapping in Myanmar?

The Government‘s Framework for Economic and Social Reforms has stated the need for people-centered development through civic participation, clean government and greater autonomy for state/region government in Myanmar. The Government of Myanmar has initiated steps to realise these ambitions. At present, there is limited information about on the ground experiences of local administrators, frontline service providers and citizens of this reform process, and the broader institutional capacity deficits at the local level.

UNDP and the Ministry of Home Affairs embarked on a nationwide local governance mapping in November 2013 to see how people are experiencing local governance aspects such as citizen’s voice in decision-making and how basic services are reaching out to them.  It captures the perspectives of both the people and the institutional providers of services in 112 village tracts/wards in 56 townships in 14 states and regions.

 

Overview

States and Regions Covered
14
 
Tools Used
Citizen's report cards, service provider interviews, community dialogues, interviews and focus grouo discussions
 
Reports Published
Mon, Chin, Bago, Ayerarwady, Kayah, Kayin, Tanintharyi, Magway, Mandalay, Yangon, Rakhine, Kachin, Sagaing, Shan
 
Contact
Mithulina Chatterjee, Coordinator, Local Governance Mapping
 

The Local Governance Mapping is being conducted in all 14 states and regions of Myanmar.

  • During the Pilot Phase between December 2013 and March 2014 the mapping team went to Mon and Chin
  • During Phase II between April and August 2014 Ayeyarwaddy, Tanintharyi, Kayin, Bago and Kayah were researched
  • Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Rakhine, Kachin, Shan and Yangon are part of Phase III

What tools are used for local governance mapping?

Citizens Report Cards are used to discuss access to services in health, education and water; and participation, equity and access to information.

Service Provider interviews are conducted with village level education and health service providers and Village Tract/ Ward Administrators to learn about their responsibilities, presence of basic infrastructure/conditions, changes in the government, and possible areas for improvement.

Community Dialogues are held to bring the people and government service providers together across villages and wards to validate issues and find local solutions to improve information flow and services.

Interviews and Focus Group Discussions are held with township level administrators, township committees and civil society groups to understand broader functioning of township governance influencing development and service delivery at the local level.

What results are emerging and how will these help?

  • Baselines on quality of local governance and service delivery being established
  •  State of local governance reports for each State/Region (for details click on the report and brief mapping highlights)

How will the results help?

The findings are presented and discussed with the government representatives from state/region, township and village tract levels and other stakeholders such as Members of Parliament, township committees and civil society to further expand the understanding of the state of local governance in each of the states/regions.

The mapping process not only collects all the information and data through the tools above but uses the opportunity of engagement with the state and township level stakeholders to discuss good governance principles to ground the reform agenda.

The information and data will allow comparison with the baseline, across the country, and over time.

The mapping results will help government and development partners make informed public policies and programmes for improving service delivery and democratic governance at the local level.

Local Governance Mapping Highlights

The following Local Governance Mapping Highlights shed light on the findings from the mapping exercise:

Ayeyarwady
 
Bago
 
Chin
 
Kachin
 
Kayah
 
Kayin
 



Magway
 
Mandalay
 
Rakhine
 
Sagaing
 
Shan
 



Tanintharyi
 
Yangon
 

State of Local Governance Reports

Fast Facts: Local Governance Mapping Methodology
 

   

Local Governance Mapping
In 2013, UNDP partnered with the General Administration Department of the Ministry of Home Affairs to conduct local governance mapping across the country. 
 

 
Fast Facts: Local Governance Mapping Sampling strategy
 

   

Local Governance Mapping
This Fast Facts discusses the sampling strategy in detail, including selection criteria for townships, village tracts and wards, villages or ward areas, as well as households and respondents.
 

 
Mapping the State of Local Governance in Myanmar: Background and Methodology

   

Local Governance Mapping
This report serves as a background and introduction to the 14 State and Region “State of Local Governance” reports prepared by UNDP Myanmar in collaboration with the GAD under the Ministry of Home Affairs.  

 
The State of Local Governance: Trends in Myanmar 
 

   

Local Governance Mapping
This report contains a synthesis of the data and findings across all 14 States and Regions and concludes a nationwide local mapping exercise undertaken by UNDP, together with the GAD.

 



The State of Local Governance: Trends in Ayeyarwady 

   

Local Governance Mapping
This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by UNDP in Ayeyarwady Region in May 2014.
 

 
The State of Local Governance: Trends in Bago

   

  Local Governance Mapping

This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by UNDP in Bago Region between February and June 2014.
 

 
The State of Local Governance: Trends in Chin
 

   

Local Governance Mapping
This report presents the findings from the Local Governance Mapping conducted in Chin State between December 2013 and January 2014.
 

 
The State of Local Governance: Trends in Kachin

   

Local Governance Mapping
This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by the UNDP in partnership with the MoHA in Kachin State from November 2014 to January 2015.

 



The State of Local Governance: Trends in Kayah

   

Local Governance Mapping
This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by UNDP in Kayah State between April and August 2014.
 

 
The State of Local Governance: Trends in Kayin
 

   

Local Governance Mapping
This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping research conducted by UNDP in Kayin State between February and June 2014.
 

 
The State of Local Governance: Trends in Magway

   

Local Governance Mapping
This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by UNDP in Magway Region in November-December 2014.
 

 
The State of Local Governance: Trends in Mandalay

   

Local Governance Mapping
This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by UNDP in Mandalay Region between August and November 2014.
 

 



The State of Local Governance: Trends in Mon
 

   

Local Governance Mapping
This report presents the findings from the Local Governance Mapping conducted in Mon State between December 2013 and January 2014.
 

 
The State of Local Governance: Trends in Rakhine

   

Local Governance Mapping
This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by the UNDP in collaboration with the GAD under Ministry of Home Affairs in Rakhine State in 2014.

 
The State of Local Governance: Trends in Sagaing

   

Local Governance Mapping
The report on the Sagaing Region of Myanmar is part of a national local governance mapping conducted by UNDP in collaboration with the Government of Myanmar.

 
The State of Local Governance: Trends in Shan
 

   

Local Governance Mapping
This report aims to map the state of affairs and the evolution as witnessed over the past few years with regards to governance reforms and service delivery in the Shan State.

 



The State of Local Governance: Trends in Tanintharyi

   

Local Governance Mapping
This report outlines the results of the Local Governance Mapping conducted by UNDP in Tanintharyi Region in June 2014.
 

 
The State of Local Governance: Trends in Yangon

   

Local Governance Mapping
This report sets out to map the state of affairs and the evolution over the past years with regards to governance reform in Yangon Region.
 

 

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