Sustainability of protected area management in Myanmar

Photo: UNDP Myanmar
Status: Active
Duration: July 2015 – June 2020
Budget: USD 6,027,397
Coverage: Hukaung Valley Wildlife Sanctuary, Hkakaborazi National Park, Hponkanrazi Wildlife Sanctuary (Kachin State), Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary (Sagaing Region)
Beneficiaries: Government agencies involved in protected area management, communities in and around protected areas, and all people in Myanmar who indirectly benefit from biodiversity conservation
Donors: Global Environment Facility (GEF)
Focus: Protected area management
Partners: Wildlife Conservation Society

About the Project

Myanmar is experiencing a rapid boom in development after over 50 years of relative isolation. This unique period in history allows a tremendous opportunity to benefit the global environment by addressing local, national, and global environmental challenges and to promote sustainable livelihoods and biodiversity conservation in Myanmar.

Myanmar is the largest country in mainland South-East Asia, with significant forest, freshwater, coastal and marine ecosystems. Because of its very wide variation in latitude, altitude and climate, and location at the convergence of four major floristic regions, Myanmar supports a high diversity of habitats, and is extremely rich in plant species. Available information on species diversity and endemism indicates that Myanmar supports extraordinary plant and vertebrate diversity. The country includes all or part of fourteen WWF Global Ecoregions. However, detailed baseline data are still lacking for many taxonomic groups, and new species for science are still being regularly discovered. Since the late 1990s, destruction and degradation of Myanmar’s natural habitat has increased, primarily due to logging and agricultural conversion as the country increasingly engaged with the outside world for economic development. These pressures are
likely to increase dramatically following recent political changes that facilitate foreign investment and trade.

The long-term vision of the project is to support Myanmar’s robust, representative and effectively managed terrestrial protected area system, which is effectively integrated into broader landscape-level land use planning. This project aims to secure important biodiversity areas to be included in the expanded protected area (PA) system and to strengthen the overall system while at the same time raising the profile of protected areas within the national and state level development planning context.

However, the country faces number of barriers for achieving this, namely weak systematic and institutional capacity to plan and manage the expanded national PA system, and insufficient management capacity and motivation at the PA level to manage local threats and achieve conservation outcomes.


To strengthen the terrestrial system of national protected areas for biodiversity conservation through enhanced representation, management effectiveness, monitoring, enforcement and financing.

The project aims at strengthening Protection Area management in two Priority Conservation Corridors identified by the NBSAP, identifying sustainable funding opportunities for four focal PAs in those corridors and integrate PA management and finance into broader state and national level development planning.

Lessons from focal PAs will increase the overall effectiveness of the national PA system.

Expected Results

  • Enhance systemic, institutional and financial frameworks for PA expansion and management
  • Strengthen management and threat reduction in the target PAs and buffer zones

Year-wise Budget

Year Amount
Year 1 USD 1,289,759.20
Year 2 USD 1,290,228.51
Year 3 USD 1,292,428.56
Year 4 USD 1,066,364.78
Year 5 USD 1,088,615.95
Total USD 6,027,397

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